Tobacco and Heart Disease

Adjust Comment Print

The WHO said, "The tobacco epidemic was one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than seven million people each year".

Meanwhile, other non-communicable diseases linked to smoking which are also top causes of deaths and diseases among Filipinos are: cancer, stroke, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and other heart diseases, said Duque.

In Africa alone, some 146,000 adults aged 30 years and more die every year from tobacco-related diseases. When tobacco users die prematurely in their productive years, families lose loved ones and income, and economic development is negatively affected. In many countries, this low awareness is substantial; for example, in China, over 60 per cent of the population is unaware smoking can cause heart attacks, according to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS).

"There is compelling evidence from countries that have implemented tobacco reduction measures, that results can be seen quickly", says Dr. Adriana Blanco, Unit Chief of Risk Factors and Nutrition for the Department of Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health at PAHO.

Francois Bourdillon is the director of the public health agency. The ministry said that their strategy in 2016, National Tobacco Reduction Plan (PNRT), was responsible for reducing tobacco use in France.

"Tobacco use is the second leading cause of CVD after high blood pressure", it said.

This year, 65 patients sought treatement up to April this year, said Minister of Health Dato Paduka Dr Haji Mohd Isham bin Jaafar, in his message for World No Tobacco Day, which falls annually on May 31.

Support hotlines have been set up and a tax hike has been mooted to tackle smoking in Vietnam, where more than 100 people are killed by smoking-related diseases per day.

Experts warn of a health time bomb in countries the least able to afford it, where medical facilities will be put under strain from an expected rise in smoking-related diseases, and political systems less able to resist intensive tobacco lobbying.

One in four men and one in 20 women smoked daily in 2015, down from one in three men and one in 12 women in 1990, it found. The smoke-free products are widely available across the OECD countries today making it convenient for people to switch from local cigarettes to electronic cigarettes.

Bidis, which are a type of low-priced and hand-rolled cigarettes that are locally made in India, account for a significant proportion of tobacco use in India.

Also, she called on member-states to implement measures, which could strengthen tobacco control, as found in the World Health Organization framework convention on tobacco control.The effective measures, according to her, include increasing tobacco taxes and prices, which will save lives as well as generate revenues for governments. "Let us choose health, not tobacco", he said.