USA and allies: New hacks mean China broke 2015 economic espionage pact

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"We urge the immediately correct its wrong practices, stop attacking the Chinese side with cybersecurity issues".

The list of alleged victims includes a wide range of commercial and defence technology companies and several government entities, including NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory as well as the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein said the defendants "gave China's intelligence service access to sensitive business information". Prosecutors said their names are Zhu Hua and Zhang Shillong.

Countries including Britain, Australia, Canada, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Sweden are believed to have been targeted.

The Chinese Foreign Ministry yesterday said the accusations were "slanderous". IBM said it had no evidence that sensitive data had been compromised.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen said in a statement that an escalation in cyberattacks by Chinese hackers connected to the country's intelligence service violated commitments made in 2015 by Chinese President Xi Jinping to the US and other countries to refrain from engaging in cyber-espionage "with the intent of providing competitive advantages to companies or commercial actors". They are not in custody and the USA does not have an extradition treaty with China.

US officials testified before Congress last week that Beijing's continued hacking has made a mockery of that 2015 commitment by President Xi Jinping following a first-of-its-kind indictment that accused Chinese hackers of stealing corporate data from brand-name USA companies.

The UK is committed to upholding the rules-based worldwide order, which underpins the peace, security and prosperity of the whole world.

"While we welcome a fair competition, we can not tolerate illegal hacking, stealing, cheating", Wray said.

While Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping agreed to a 90-day trade war truce during their meeting in Argentina on December 1, experts are skeptical that China is serious about changing its approach.

Zhu Hua and Zhang Jianguo worked in China to hack into computers and steal intellectual property, United States prosecutors charged on Thursday.

Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB) director-general Andrew Hampton said the organisation had established links between the Chinese Ministry of State Security (MSS) and a global campaign of cyber-enabled commercial intellectual property theft.

"It is clear that in some cases basic cyber security measures are still not being taken, and this is not acceptable", Hunt said.

One of their heists allegedly stole personal information, including Social Security numbers, from over 100,000 Navy personnel.

A Navy spokesman said that sailors are notified immediately when there is a data breach, but declined further comment due to an ongoing investigation.

Internationally, the hackers accessed the computers of a major bank, three telecommunications or consumer electronics companies, mining and health care companies, and business consultancies.

The indictment follows a growing pattern of charging Chinese individuals for hacking operations, ranging from allegations out of NY that an individual stole information about turbine technology to charges against 10 sources alleged to have "conspired to hack US and European defense and aerospace contractors" in OH in October.

"They go against the commitments made to the United Kingdom in 2015, and, as part of the G20, not to conduct or support cyber-enabled theft of intellectual property or trade secrets".